Volume 3, Issue 1 (2020)                   pos 2020, 3(1): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Zaki Y, Asadollahi. S. Hydropolitic of turkey GAP Project and its effect on environmental security of Iraq and Syria. pos 2020; 3 (1) :1-9
URL: http://psp.modares.ac.ir/article-42-54387-en.html
1- Assistant professor of Political Geography Department, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2- PhD student in Political Geography, Department of Political Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , asadollahi97@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7124 Views)
Three countries, turkey, Syria and Iraq that have the common spillway and basin of Tigris and Euphrates due to increasing dependence to these rivers they have had to establish a dam and control the water streams in their territories. In this regard turkey government which is located upper than its south neighbors based on eastern south Anatolia project or GAP for developing agriculture and industry in its eastern south territory need a huge amount of water of Tigris and Euphrates. Furthermore because of dam building in its territory has decreased the share of water for Iraq and Syria. The reduction of water of Tigris and Euphrates has had negative impacts on environmental security and inappropriate political, economic and social effects on Iraq and Syria. This problem and political goals of turkey in recent decades have made the conflicts and challenges among these three countries. This research based on descriptive and analytic method and resources try to answer this question that what is the effect of hydropolitic gab project on environmental security of Iraq and Syria and what are the turkey goals of this plan? Implementing the phases of gap project in recent decades has had negative environmental impacts such as water pollution, eliminating the rare species, increasing the desertification, destroying the swamps and basins and producing hazes in Iraq and Syria and it seems that turkey government is establishing the hydrohegemony in the region.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: political Geography
Received: 2020/10/6 | Accepted: 2020/11/30 | Published: 2020/12/30

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