Volume 2, Issue 1 (2019)                   pos 2019, 2(1): 33-40 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaei Tabar M. Investigation the Role of History in Border Insecurities (Case: Colonization in the Horn of Africa). pos 2019; 2 (1) :33-40
URL: http://psp.modares.ac.ir/article-42-43697-en.html
Assistant Professor, African Studies Center, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , m.mirzaeitabar@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2618 Views)
The Horn of Africa includes four countries: Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. One of the problems in this region is the border and territorial Conflicts and its insecurities in the border areas of the countries. Various factors are effective in creating this instability and border insecurity. Among them, history, historical mentalities, and the role of colonial history is significant. This research is a descriptive-analytical study that uses library resources to investigate the role of history in creating border insecurity with a case study of the role of colonialism in border insecurity in the Horn of Africa. The dependent variable of the research is border insecurity and independent variables are history, colonial history, and the Horn of Africa region. The main question is what is the role of history and historical changes in creating border insecurity in the Horn of Africa? In the Horn of Africa, the most important border conflicts and insecurities include border clashes between Ethiopia and Eritrea; Djibouti and Eritrea; and the insecurity has been caused by ethnic and tribal conflicts in the Somalia-Kenya border areas. The research results show that the history, colonial history, and actions of the colonial powers in drawing the borders of the countries, especially in the Horn of Africa region, which is based on colonial interests and not local interests, it has played an important role in border disputes between countries and instability and insecurity in border areas.
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Article Type: Qualitative Research | Subject: political Geography
Received: 2020/06/15 | Accepted: 2020/07/6 | Published: 2021/01/3

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