Volume 1, Issue 4 (2019)                   pos 2019, 1(4): 239-251 | Back to browse issues page

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Zarghani S, Sadeghi V, Hosseini S. Explaining the Relationship of Tribalism and Socio-Political Boundaries (Case Study: Mamasani County). pos 2019; 1 (4) :239-251
URL: http://psp.modares.ac.ir/article-42-38827-en.html
1- Geography Department, Literature & Humanities Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , h-zarghani@um.ac.ir
2- Geography Department, Literature & Humanities Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3- International Relations Department, Literature & Humanities Faculty, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5026 Views)
The spatial boundaries are not just important in the macro and international levels, but also are significant at the local, regional and national levels. They are significant in areas such as Mamasani County in which the social structure has the tribal nature. The spatial-identity boundaries are appeared due to the dominant tribal atmosphere. On this basis, the areas of culture, society and politics are overshadowed. Tribalism and socio-political boundaries in these areas consolidate each other through factors such as identity, geographic space; the creation of symbols and values; the emphasis on the notions of one's self and others; friendship, hostility and competition and the elections in local level (city council and village or parliament). This kind of solidarity plays an important role in stabilizing local- tribal and traditional political behavior on the one hand and perceptual and spatial boundaries on the other. This situation has consequences such as tribal divergence, cultural introspection and border demarcation. The current research is based on the question of what is the relationship between tribalism and socio-political boundaries in Mamasani. In explaining the research hypothesis, it seems that tribalism and socio-political boundaries mutually reinforce each other. The research is conducted using the descriptive-analytical method and the required data have been collected through library, documentary and field (observation) methods. The findings show that tribalism and socio-political boundaries had mutual effects on each other so that tribes were socialized and politicized during the reign of the Khans and after the fall of the Khans, tribal boundaries have also been influential in intensifying clannish attitudes.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Political Spatial Planning
Received: 2018/02/9 | Accepted: 2018/10/21 | Published: 2019/12/8

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