Volume 1, Issue 1 (2018)                   pos 2018, 1(1): 49-58 | Back to browse issues page

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Bakhshi Shadmehry F, Zarghani S H, Kharazmi O A. Components of the Contingency and Impact Severity of Human-oriented and Natural-based Threats in Urban Water Infrastructure. pos 2018; 1 (1) :49-58
URL: http://psp.modares.ac.ir/article-42-26908-en.html
1- Geography Department, Letters & Humanities Faculty
2- Geography Department, Letters & Humanities Faculty , h-zarghani@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (11090 Views)
Aims: The assessment of threats and vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure such as urban water infrastructure can, in many cases, significantly reduce vulnerabilities or minimize the consequences of a threat. The aim of this research was to evaluate the components of the contingency and impact severity of human-oriented and natural-based threats in urban water infrastructure.
Instrument and Methods: In this analytical-descriptive study, a library collection method, including the study of books, research, and domestic and International articles of researchers as well as Internet search was used. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by Hazop model and Friedman test, using SPSS 21 software.
Findings: According to the experts, the highest scores were assigned to terrorism acts and suppression, and, ultimately, human error. The most critical type of threat was recognized as chemical attack, military attack, and drought by the Hazop model. The second threat was rocket attacks, earthquakes, and terrorism. The human error ranked next in critical threats. The military attack and drought were recognized as an unacceptable crisis and the probability of a flood, a military attack (ground) and human error were ranked one to three. The impact severity (damage) of the military attack (ground), earthquake, and chemical pollution were ranked one to three, respectively.
Conclusion: The most critical types of threats are chemical pollution in urban water infrastructure, military attack, and drought and are recognized as unacceptable crisis. The probability of flood, military attack (ground), and human error are ranked one to three, and the impact severity (damage) of the military attack (ground), earthquake, and chemical pollution are ranked one to three, respectively.
 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Political Spatial Planning
Received: 2017/11/1 | Accepted: 2017/11/6 | Published: 2018/11/6

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